Цель: формирование морально-волевых качеств, необходимых профессиональному спасателю.

Задачи:

познакомить с историей создания кадетских корпусов в России, их социальной ролью в истории Отечества; дать информацию о создании МЧС, его задачах и необходимости специальной кадровой подготовки;

информировать об учебном заведении «Кадетский корпус МЧС», его истории, традициях и направлениях предстоящей работы по развитию профессиональных качеств и навыков спасателя;

расширить лексический запас обучающихся по изучаемой теме;

формировать навыки монологической речи;

повысить мотивацию к изучению английского языка как средства межнационального общения будущих спасателей.

Оформление: мультимедийное – для демонстрации презентации;

 

ХОД УРОКА

 

I.    Семантизация новых лексических единиц по изучаемой теме

1.

a Military Boarding-School

кадетская школа-интернат;

2.

a corps 

(воен.) корпус;

3.

EMERCOM – Emergency Control Ministry

МЧС – Министерство по чрезвычайным ситуациям;

4.

a Cadet Corps

кадетский корпус;

5.

noble origin

благородное происхождение;

6.

fortification

фортификация (защитные сооружения);

7.

fencing

фехтование;

8.

to encourage

поощрять;

9.

neat

опрятный;

10.

to accompany

сопровождать(ся);

11.

an earthquake

землетрясение;

12.

a train smash

железнодорожная катастрофа;

13.

a submarine

подводная лодка;

14.

an authority

власть;

15.

a crash

авария, крушение;

16.

to cope

справляться;

17.

 consequence

последствие;

18.

destruction

разрушение, уничтожение;

19.

demolition

разрушение;

20.

skill

умение, навык;

21.

urgent

срочный, неотложный;

22.

staff, personnel

персонал, штат, кадры;

23.

civil defense

гражданская защита;

24.

a rescuer

спасатель;

25.

compassion

сострадание;

26.

to restore

возрождать(ся);

27.

humane

гуманный;

28.

a basic School Certificate

аттестат о неполном (основном) среднем образовании;

29.

curriculum

учебная программа;

30.

compulsory subjects

обязательные предметы;

31.

optional subjects

предметы по выбору;

32.

integrate

составная (часть);

33.

a tutor

воспитатель;

34.

a training ground

учебный полигон;

35.

a fire-tower

пожарная вышка;

36.

a parachute-tower

парашютная вышка;

37.

a fire-engine

пожарная машина;

38.

a drill-ground

плац;

39.

to overcome

преодолевать;

40.

overwhelming majority

подавляющее большинство;

41.

a crew

команда;

42.

deft

ловкий;

43.

injured

раненый;

44.

a stretcher

носилки;

45.

to unwrap

разворачивать;

46.

a fire-hose

брандспойт, пожарный шланг;

47.

to contaminate

заражать (отравляющими веществами);

48.

to consolidate

закреплять;

49.

a rank

ряд, строй, шеренга;

50.

selfless

самоотверженный;

51.

courageous

храбрый;

52.

a naval commander

флотоводец;

53.

a Field Marshal

фельдмаршал;

II.  Работа с текстом, сопровождающаяся показом презентации

The Cadet Corps present interesting pages in the history of the home system of education. The importance of their pedagogical experience concerns not only military sphere. The matter is that Russian Cadet Corps have been planned not only as the specific military schools but as educational establishments for upbringing of cultural and well-educated people too.

Though the first cadet corps was created in 1732 it was connected with the name of     Peter I. And the aim of the Cadet Corps creation at those times was just the same: to make conditions for good life, development and education of children from the needy, single-parent families and those ones with a lot of children.

Only children of the noble origin from thirteen to eighteen could study there. They learned arithmetic, geometry, artillery, drawing, fortificationfencing, horse riding, etc.

The general tendencies of education were based "on love to God, devotion to Motherland, on realization one's debt towards the family". The creation of museums, visiting of battle places, celebration of the heroes was encouraged.

The special attention was paid to healthy food, convenient clothes, spending much time outdoors and being neat.

By 1917 twenty nine Cadet Corps had been opened where ten thousand cadets lived and studied. A great number of outstanding personalities left the Cadet Corps. Among them there were such remarkable people as M.I. Kutuzov, P.S. Nakhimov, F.F. Ushakov, M.I. Tukhachevsky, I.F. Krusenshtern, A.F. Mozhaisky, S.I. Mosin, B.S. Stechkin, A.I. Kuprin, V.I. Dahl, N.N. Karamzin, V.V. Vereshchagin, P.K. Klodt, A.N. Scryabin, V.V. Rimsky-Korsakov.

After February revolution of 1917 the Cadet Corps were reorganized into the military department grammar school and in 1918 they were closed.

the Soviet Union disintegration was accompanied by unprecedented accidents and catastrophes such as Chernobyl Atomic Electric Station catastrophe, series of the destructive earthquakes in Spitak (Armenia) and Sakhalin, train smashes, sea-liners and submarines crashes, etc.

It was clear, that the local authorities wouldn't be able to cope with such massive destructions. In order to coordinate actions on liquidation of demolition consequences and other extreme situations the Russian Emergency Control Ministry (EMERCOM) was created. At the present moment it is one of the most skilled, mobile, technically armed and well-organized rescuer services in the world.

There was an urgent need in well-qualified and trained staff. So, the Academy of civil Defense and other specialized educational establishments of this kind appeared. A rescuer is supposed to be not only skilled and physically-trained but he also should be brave, resolute, selfless, kind, feel compassion to people who are in trouble, and be ready to help.

All these qualities are cultivated in the Cadet Corps.

That's why a great number of the Cadet Corps were restored in our Motherland at the end of the XX century. This type of educational establishments suits very much the purposes of the new Russian army, militia and rescuer service personnel training. the cadets of the past brought much to the history of Russia. Now it's the turn of the new generation.

The number of rescuer schools grows up annually in our country. And it is obviously seen that such schools can be a good basis for shaping of patriotic, skilled and humane citizens of our native land.

Our Cadet Corps of EMERCOM was opened on the 3d of October 2001 according to the region Administration order. It is situated in Plotnikovo, Promyshlennovskiy district Kemerovo Region.

Anyone can enter the Cadet Corps when he finishes the ninth grade and has a basic School Certificate. He is to pass two exams, such as Mathematics and Russian.

In the Cadet Corps of EMERCOM one should learn not only compulsory subjects of the curriculum, but some additional ones concerning professional training too. The curriculum includes also the first medical aid training, means of radiation and chemical protection, the theory and practice of civil defense, the basis of preparation for a military service, saving on waters, diving, parachute jumping and psychological training. So, it is clearly seen that much attention is paid to the defense-sporting education of the cadets which is an integrate part of the early professional educational program.

About one hundred and twenty teenagers study in the Cadet Corps. they come from different parts of Kuzbass as well as from Altay Region. in 2006 the boys from Mongolia left our Cadet Corps and returned to Ulan-Bator. Some of them work in the Mongolian rescuer service. They were fond of their studying in Russia and very grateful for their teachers, tutors, officers, doctors, optional subject teachers and cooks. In their letters the boys thanked them for love, care and help.

The Cadet Corps includes a school-building, a hostel, a library, a canteen, a gymnasium and a small hospital. All these buildings stand separately.

We also have a stadium, a special training ground with a fire-towera parachute-tower, a ground for learning the fire-engines and other equipment.

The cadets train on the drill-ground in order to look straight, brave, and handsome and march well.

From the very beginning the cadet life seems to be very hard. Every day begins with the morning outdoor exercises in any weather. then they have breakfast and go to school. At 2 p.m. they have dinner.
After dinner most of the cadets have individual classes with their teachers.

At 4 p.m. they have optional studies such as singing, painting, dancing, football, volleyball, ski, etc.

From 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. they are preparing their homework.

They have supper at 8 p.m. and go to bed at 10.30 p.m.

Sometimes it is very hard to overcome all the difficulties, but friendship and desire to have good education help the students to cope with all the troubles.

However, the overwhelming majority of the guys leave our corps successfully with the warm memories. Our school-leavers write us, come to the corps as if it were their native place, meet the present cadets, have talks with them, tell them about their future occupation, about  everyday life and plans, give advice, concerning their attitude to the studies and their behavior. All these conversations impress the cadets greatly.

the pedagogical collective: teachers, a teacher-psychologist, tutors and a social teacher work in the corps for the moral support of the cadets, correcting their behavior and cultivating kindness, humanism, feeling of the crew. All they try to compensate lack of the parental guidance.

Our pupils grow up and become strong spirit and deft men, ready to show their results.

On the sport and specialized grounds the cadets demonstrate their skills. They show the skills of fighting with fire, pulling the injured out of the burning car, evacuate them on the stretcher in a safe place.
The young rescuers unwrap a fire hose line, professionally operate with the water jet, storm the fire-tower, work in the uniform of chemical protection at the "contaminated" district, and give the first medical aid to "the injured".

All the received knowledge is consolidated in the summer military-field camp. At the end of the studies the cadets take special examinations and all who will pass them get "a Young Rescuer Certificate".

We wish the cadets much success in the studies and future life and we would like to see them in the ranksof the professional rescuers – physically and mentally skilled, selfless and courageous people.

We don't pretend all our guys to be rescuers or military men. But we sincerely want them to be skilled specialists in any field of activities and simply good people loving their Motherland and devoted to it.

III. Выполнение заданий к тексту

Task 1. Questions for Discussion

What was the aim of the first Cadet Corps creation in Russia?

When was the first Cadet Corps opened?

What kind of children could study at the Cadet Corps in old Russia?

What subjects did these children learn?

What were the general tendencies of education at those times?

What was the special attention paid to?

When were the Cadet Corps closed?

Why was the Emergency Control Ministry (EMERCOM) created?

Why were the Cadet Corps restored in our Motherland?

When was "The Military Boarding-School "The Cadet Corps of EMERCOM" opened in Kuzbass?

Where is it situated?

Who can enter our Cadet Corps?

How many exams are the students supposed to pass?

What additional subjects should the cadets study?

Did the teens from Mongolia and Altay Region study in our Cadet Corps?

What buildings does the Cadet Corps include?

Is the cadet life very easy?

What helps the pupils to cope with all the troubles?

What do the cadets do in the summer military-field camp?

What Certificate do the cadets get then?

Task 2. What do you know about the former famous cadets in Russia? What was their occupation? Match the columns

1.

M.I. Kutuzov

a traveller

2.

P.S. Nakhimov

an inventor

3.

F.F. Ushakov

a linguist

4.

M.I. Tukhachevsky

a writer

5.

I.F. Krusenshtern

a composer

6.

A.F. Mozhaisky

a Russian Field Marshal

7.

S.I. Mosin

a sculptor

8.

B.S. Stechkin

a naval commander

9.

A.I. Kuprin

a historian

10.

V.I. Dahl

a painter

11.

N.N. Karamzin

Soviet military commander

12.

V.V. Vereshchagin

13.

P.K. Klodt

14.

A.N. Scryabin

15.

V.V. Rimsky-Korsakov

Task 3. What general qualities should a rescuer possess? Name them

Task 4. Answer the questions

Why have you entered the Cadet Corps?

Do you want to be a rescuer?

What field of occupation have you chosen?

Task 5. Make up a story using the following words

pre-revolutionary Russia

courageous;

skilled;

humane;

physically and mentally skilled;

kind;

compassion;

disaster;

catastrophe;

to destroy;

to smash;

to crash;

the Emergency Control Ministry (EMERCOM);

to be in trouble;

psychology;

a Cadet Corps of EMERCOM.

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