1. «The Girl and the Elephant» by A. Kuprin

Vocabulary: live – зд. живой; owner – хозяин; explain – объяснять, proudly – гордо, nod – кивать, bun – булка.

Tenses to use: Present Simple

1

A little girl (be) ill. Every day a doctor (come) to see her. Sometimes two other doctors (come) with him. They (talk) to her mother. The girl (not/understand) much, but she (know) that they (talk) about her.

Before leaving their house, one of the doctors (say) to the girl’s mother,

«Try to give your daughter what she (want).»

«Oh, doctor, she (not/want) anything!»

«Hm… Try to interest her. Your daughter’s illness (not/be) a real illness. If you can make her happy, it (be) the best medicine for her.»

When the doctors (leave), the mother (come) to the girl’s room.

«You (want) anything? Tell me, Nadya,» she (ask).

«Thank you, mother. I (not/want) anything.»

«You (want) your dolls?»

The girl (not/answer).

Her father (walk) up and down the living room and (smoke). Sometimes he (come) into Nadya’s room and (sit) on the bed for some time. Then he (get) up and (go) to the living room again.

2

One morning the little girl (be) better. She (remember) her dream and (say) to her mother,

«Mum… Can I have an… elephant?»

«Of course, my dear!»

She (run) to the living room to tell the father that Nadya (want) an elephant. The father quickly (put) on his hat and coat and (leave). Soon he (come) back with a beautiful big toy.

But the girl (not/like) it.

«This (not/be) what I (want),» she (say), «I (want) a real elephant, but this one (be) dead.»

«But Nadya, an elephant (be) too big for our house. And I (not/know) where I can find one.»

The girl (close) her eyes.

«I (be) so tired… Don’t be angry with me, father…»

Her father (run) out of the room and (put) on his hat and coat.

«Good bye,» he (say) to his wife, «I (want) to bring a live elephant to the house today.»

3

Two hours later Nadya’s father (be) in the circus. He (come) to the German owner of the animal circus.

«I (be) sorry,» the father (say), «please, let one of your elephants come to my house for a short time.»

The cigar (fall) out of the man’s mouth.

«Let the elephant… I (not/understand) you…»

The father quickly (explain): his daughter (have) a strange illness. She (take) no interest in anything. Today she (ask) to see an elephant. It (be) really so impossible?»

The German (ask),

«How old your daughter (be)?»

«Six.»

«Hm… My Lisa (be) six, too. You (have) got a big house with very strong floor? My Tommy (be) very heavy.»

«Let’s go to my house and see everything,» Nadya’s father (answer).

…That night the elephant (walk) proudly in the middle of the street from the circus to Nadya’s house.

4

The little girl (wake) up very early the next day.

«The elephant (be) here?» she (ask).

«Yes,» her mother (answer).

«He (be) good?»

«Yes, very.»

The girl (have) her breakfast quickly, and they (go) to the dining room.

The elephant (be) very, very big, but Nadya (not/be) afraid. The German (come) to her and (say),

«Good morning, Miss. Don’t be afraid. Tommy (be) very good and he (like) children.»

«Hello, Tommy,» (say) the girl. The elephant (nod).

«He (understand) everything?»

«Absolutely everything, Miss. I (have) a daughter, too, and she (be) as big as you. Her name (be) Lisa. Tommy and she (be) very good friends. The best of friends.»

«Let’s have some tea, Tommy,» (say) Nadya.

«He (not/drink) tea, Miss. But he (like) sugar water and buns.»

When the elephant (eat) buns, his little eyes (become) smaller with pleasure. The girl (laugh).

When dinner time (come), the girl and the elephant (eat) together at the table. The girl (have) some soup, and Tommy (have) vegetables and salad. After dinner one of the father’s friends (come). When he (know) about the elephant, he (not/believe) it, but when he (see) Tommy, he (leave) very quickly.

Evening (come). It (be) time for the little girl to go to bed, but she (not/want) to leave the elephant. She (fall) asleep near him, and her father (take) her to her room.

The next morning the girl (wake) up and (ask) about the elephant. Her mother (say) that Tommy must be in the circus where he (work), and where Nadya can visit him when she (get) well.

Nadya (smile) and (say), «Tell Tommy that I (be) well now!»



Answer the questions:

1. What does the doctor say to Nadya’s mother?

2. What does the girl want one day? Why doesn’t she like the elephant that her father brings her?

3. Why does the father go to the circus?

4. Why does the owner of the circus understand Nadya’s father?

5. When does the elephant come to the girl’s house? What do they do together?

6. Where does the girl go to sleep that evening?

7. What does she ask to tell Tommy the next morning?


2. «The Wizard of Oz» by Frank Baum

Vocabulary: scarecrow – пугало, to be surprised – удивляться, to be tired – уставать, brains – мозги, straw – солома, lighted match – горящая спичка.

Tenses to use: Present Simple



Dorothy (be) on the way to the Emerald City. She (be) tired. She (sit) near the field. In the middle of the field she (see) a scarecrow. It (look) nice and funny.

«Good afternoon», she (hear) suddenly.

«Can you speak?» Dorothy (be) surprised because scarecrows (not/speak) in Kansas.

«Not very well», (answer) the Scarecrow. «Who you (be)?»

«I (be) Dorothy. I (want) to go back home, but I (not/know) the way. I (want) to ask the Wizard of Oz for help.»

«Where the Emerald City (be) and who the Wizard (be)? I don’t know anything because I (have) only straw in my head. I (want) to have brains very much. You (think) the Wizard can help me?»

Dorothy (be) very sorry for the Scarecrow.

«Please, come with me», she (say).

Dorothy (help) the Scarecrow with his first steps and now they (be) on their way to the Emerald City. The Scarecrow (carry) Dorothy’s basket.

«I (be) never tired», he (say). «I (not/eat), (drink) or (sleep). There (be) only one thing I (be) afraid of».

«What it (be)?» asked Dorothy.

«It (be) a lighted match», (answer) the Scarecrow.



Answer the questions:

1. Where does Dorothy go? What does she want to do?

2. Why does she sit near the field? What does she see in the middle of the field?

3. What does the Scarecrow want and why?

4. Why does the Scarecrow carry Dorothy’s basket?


3. «The Adventures of Tom Sawyer» by Mark Twain

Vocabulary: dark – темный, easy – легкий, turn – зд. превращаться, pipe – трубка.

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Present Continuous*



It (be) summer. There (be) no school. Tom (not/want) to think about Muff Potter, but it (not/be) easy. He (see) his face in the dark and can’t sleep.

One summer day Tom and Joe (be) by the Mississippi River. They (watch) the boats and (talk). They (talk) about Jackson Island. They (want) to go and live there.

The next morning they (be) on the island. Tom, Huck and Joe (swim), (play), (fish) by the river.

In the evening Huck (take) his pipe and (begin) to smoke.

«Can we smoke, too?» (ask) Tom, «I (want) to learn.»

So, now the three boys (sit) by the river. They (smoke). But after ten minutes the boys’ faces (turn) an interesting colour. They (go) «for a little walk» into the forest and (come) back an hour later.

After that they (not/smoke) their pipes again.



________________

* Жирным шрифтом выделено время, встречающееся в упражнениях впервые.



Answer the questions:

1. What does Tom think about all the time? Why can’t he sleep?

2. What are the boys doing by the river? What are they talking about?

4. What do they do when they get to the island? What do they do in the evening?

6. Where do the boys go after they smoke their pipes?


4. «The Adventures of Tom Sawyer» by Mark Twain

Vocabulary: dig – копать, treasure – сокровище, robber – грабитель, upstairs – наверху, downstairs – внизу, hill – гора.

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Present Continuous



There (be) a time in every boy’s life when he (want) to go and dig for treasure. And this time (come) to Tom. So, one hot summer day he (go) to Huck Finn. Huck (like) the idea of treasure.

«Where you (want) to dig?» he (ask).

«At the old dead tree on Cardiff Hill».

«Why you (think) the treasure (be) there?»

«The robbers (put) the treasure under old trees and then (not/come) back to take it.»

The boys (come) to the old tree tired and hot. But after two hours they (understand) that there (be) no treasure under the tree. They (stop). Tom (look) down at a small house at the foot of the hill.

«Hey, look!» he (say),» nobody (live) in that old house. Let’s go there. Old houses (be) always good for treasure».

The friends (come) into the house and (go) upstairs. Suddenly they (hear) the noise.

«Sh-h-h! Somebody (walk) downstairs,» (say) Tom. Through the holes in the floor they (see) two men. One of them (sit) on the floor. He (take) money out of the box. The second man (move) big stones from the floor.

Upstairs the two boys (watch) them.

…When night (come) the two men (carry) the money away.

Tom and Huck (not/go) after them. They (be) very afraid.



Answer the questions:

1. What idea does Tom have one day? Does Huck like it?

2. Where does Tom want to dig? Why does he think that the treasure is under the old tree?

3. What do the boys understand after two hours of digging?

4. Where do they decide to go next?

5. Who do they see in the old house?

6. What is each of the men doing?

7. What do the men do when the night comes?

8. Why do not the boys go after the men?


5. «Three Men in a Boat» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: agree – соглашаться, scratch – чесать, hurry – торопиться, as if – как будто, shout – зд. вопль.

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Present Continuous



I (like) cats. This (be) the only thing I can’t agree with my dog, Montmorency. He (not/like) them. When I (meet) a cat, I (say) hello to it and (scratch) it between the ears. The cats (like) this and there (be) love and peace. When Montmorency (meet) a cat, everybody (know) about it and a lot of bad words (be) used.

At the moment we (go) from the river. We (see) a cat. It (walk) along the road. It (not/look) at us. Montmorency (give) a shout of real happiness and (start) to run after it. The cat (not/hurry). It (not/understand) that its life (be) in danger. It (look) at Montmorency as if it (say), «Yes? You (want) me?»

Montmorency (stop) suddenly. The cat (sit) in the middle of the road and (watch) him. They (not/speak) of course, but I imagine what they (say).

The Cat: «I (can) (do) anything for you?»

Montmorency: «No… no, thanks.»

The Cat: «You (be) sure that you (not/want) anything now?»

Montmorency: «No, thank you… no… very kind of you… Good morning.

The Cat: Good morning.

Then the cat (stand) up and (walk) away. Montmorency (walk) behind me, unhappy and afraid.



Answer the questions:

1. What does the narrator (автор) do when he sees a cat? What happens when Montmorency meets a cat?

2. Where are the narrator and Montmorency going now?

3. What does Montmorency start to do?

4. Is the cat afraid of Montmorancy? What does it do?

6. What do the cat and the dog do when their «talk» is over?


6. «Three Men in a Boat» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: health – здоровье, illness (disease) – болезнь, sick – больной, to be cold with horror – похолодеть от ужаса

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Present Continuous, Past Simple



At the moment we (sit) in the room – me, George and Harris. We (talk) about our bad health.

I (know) that I (have) a bad heart. One day I (read) something in a magazine about the symptoms of a bad heart and I (understand) that I (have) all of them.

You see, every time I (read) about an illness, I (understand) that I (have) it.

Some time ago I (have) a little health problem and I (go) to the library to read about it. After some time I (turn) over the page and (begin) to read about another illness. I (not/remember) the name, but I (know) it (be) something terrible. I (read) about half of the page – and then I (know) that I (have) that disease too. Then I (begin) to turn more pages. I (have) all the diseases! I (go) back to the beginning of the book. I (start) with the letter «A» and (read) from «A» to «Z». I (find) that there (be) only one disease I (not/have).

I (be) cold with horror. When I (walk) into that reading room, I (be) a healthy, happy young man. When I (leave), I (be) an old sick man, close to death…



Answer the questions:

1. What are the friends talking about at the moment?

2. What does the narrator understand every time he reads about the illness?

3. Where did the narrator go when he had a little health problem?

4. What did he begin to do when he finished reading about his illness?

5. How did he feel when he entered the reading room? How did he feel when he left?


7. «The Adventures of Tom Sawyer» by Mark Twain

Vocabulary: crack – трещина; pour – лить; blame – обвинять; war-whoop – боевой клич; hind legs – задние лапы.

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple.



Tom (be) worried. Becky Thatcher (stop) going to school. Something bad (happen) to her, he (think). He (not/do) anything for days, nothing (interest) him. Aunt Polly (try) some medicines, but they (not/help).

Once she (hear) of a new medicine, Pain-killer. She (buy) a lot of it and (be) happy to see that Tom (get) better. But Aunt Polly (not/know) that it (not/be) the medicine that (help) the boy. It (be) Tom himself. He (decide) that it (be) time to wake up. When Aunt Polly (give) him Pain-killer, he secretly (pour) it out into the crack in the floor.

One day Tom (be) ready to give the crack his medicine when Peter the cat (come) asking for some.

«Don’t ask for the thing you (not/know), Peter,» (say) Tom, «you really (want) it?»

Peter (show) that yes, yes, very much.

«Make sure.»

Peter (make) sure.

«If you don’t like it, you mustn’t blame me.»

Peter (agree).

Tom (take) a tea spoon and (give) the cat some Pain-killer.

Peter (jump) two metres in the air, then (shout) something like a war-whoop and (start) to run round the room, hitting the chairs and upsetting the flower pots. Then he (stand) on his hind legs and (dance), shouting something that (show) a real happiness.

The moment the cat (jump) out of the window carrying some flower pots with him Aunt Polly (come) into the room. She (stand) still with shock.

«You (give) anything to him?» she (ask).

«No, Auntie.»

But the old lady (see) something under the bed. She (take) it out. Tom (have) nothing to say – it (be) a tea spoon.

«Now, sir, what you (do) for this poor animal?»

«You (be) good to me, Auntie,» Tom (answer), «and I (want) to do something good to Peter, too.»



Answer the questions:

1. Why was Tom worried?

2. How did Aunt Polly try to help him?

3. Why did not Tom need any medicine? What did he do with it?

4. What happened when he gave some Pain-killer to the cat?

5. How did Aunt Polly find out what happened? What did Tom explain to her?


8. «The Adventures of Tom Sawyer» by Mark Twain

Vocabulary: basin – таз; wipe – вытирать; towel – полотенце, take a breath – вдохнуть.

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple.



It (be) Saturday. The sun (rise) upon the peaceful village. Mary (give) Tom a basin with water and a piece of soap, and he (go) outside and (set) the basin on a little bench. He (put) the soap into the water, then (take) it out and (place) near the basin again. Next, he (pour) the water out on the ground, (go) to the kitchen and (begin) to wipe his face with the towel.

But Mary (take) the towel from him, saying,

«You mustn’t be so bad, Tom. Water (not/hurt) anyone!»

She (fill) the basin again. Tom (stand) over it for a minute, (take) in a big breath and (begin).

He (come) into the kitchen for the second time, his face covered with water and his eyes closed. When he (appear) from the towel, the result (not/be) good, because the clean territory (be) like a mask – his chin, neck and forehead (be) dark with dirt.

Mary (take) him in hand. She (wash) him, (brush) his hair and (get) out his suit. Tom (look) nice, uncomfortable and unhappy. Soon the family (leave) for the Sunday school, a place that Tom (hate) with all his heart.



Answer the questions:

1. How did Tom «wash» his face for the first time?

2. What was the second attempt (попытка) like?

3. What did Mary do in the end?


9. «The Adventures of Tom Sawyer» by Mark Twain

Vocabulary: sermon – проповедь; minister – священник; suffer – страдать; beetle – жук; bite (bit) – кусать; miss – зд. промахнуться; fan – веер; variety – разнообразие.

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple.



Sunday sermon (be) always a hard time for Tom – he (not/listen) to the minister and he couldn’t look out of the church window, as Aunt Polly (not/let) him take a seat near it.

That Sunday, as usual, there (be) nothing interesting. For a time, Tom (suffer) as he (not/know) what to do. Suddenly he (remember) about the treasure that he (have) in his pocket. He carefully (take) it out. It (be) a large black beetle. Immediately, it (bite) Tom’s finger. Tom (throw) it away, and it (land) between the rows of seats, its legs in the air. Some of the people (begin) to watch it.

At that moment, a poodle (come) into the church. He (be) hot and bored and tired of waiting for his master outside. The poodle (see) the beetle. He (walk) around it, (smell) it from a distance, then (walk) closer and (open) his mouth to catch it, but (miss). He (try) again and again, but with no result. Some faces (go) behind the fans, so that nobody couldn’t see them laughing. Tom (be) happy.

The poodle (get) tired. He (forget) about the beetle and (see) on it. There (be) a shout of pain, and the dog (start) to rush about in the church like a woolen comet. By that time there (be) nobody in the church who (not/laugh).

Tom (go) home feeling happy and thinking that it (be) great to bring some variety to the sermon.



Answer the questions:

1. Why was Sunday sermon a hard time for Tom?

2. Why did he throw the beetle away? Where did it land?

3. Why did the poodle come into the church? Why did the people in the church begin to laugh? What did the poodle do in the end? What was the result? Why did Tom feel happy on his way home?


10. «Three Men in a Boat» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: wet – мокрый, branch – ветка, splash – брызгать, плескать; shirt – рубашка, drop – ронять, by accident – случайно.

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Present Continuous, Past Simple



It (be) our first morning on the river. We (look) down at the water. The night before we (want) to get up and jump into the water. But now the water (look) wet and cold. The wind (not/be) warm, too. I (decide) to splash some water on myself. So I (begin) to walk along the branch that (be) above the water. But the branch (break) and the next minute I (be) in the middle of the river with a litre of the Thames inside me.

«It (be) all right?» George (ask).

«Beautiful! Why you (not/want) to come?» But he (not/want) to.

«I (stay) in the boat», he (say).

When I (be) back in the boat, I (be) very cold. I (want) to put on my shirt. By accident, I (drop) it into the water. It (make) me angry, but George (start) laughing.

«Why you (laugh)?» I (cry). I (be) really angry with him. But then I (see) that it (not/be) my shirt. So, I (begin) to laugh, too. «Are you going to get it out?» he (cry) between the shouts of laughter.

At first I couldn’t answer him because I (laugh), too. But in the end I (say), «It (be) not my shirt, it (be) yours!»

Later I (try) to tell him that it (be) very funny, but he (not/agree) with me.



Answer the questions:

1. What were the friends’ plans for their first morning on the river?

2. Why did not they want to jump into the water in the morning?

3. What did the narrator decide to do instead of swimming? What did he begin to do? What happened?

4. What made the narrator angry when he was back in the boat?

5. When did George stop laughing?


11. «The Adventures of Tom Sawyer» by Mark Twain

Vocabulary: fence – забор, bucket – ведро.

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Present Continuous, Past Simple, Past Continuous



Saturday (be) a beautiful day. It (be) summer and there (be) flowers in all gardens. It (be) a day for everybody to be happy.

Tom (come) out of the house with a big bucket of white paint in his hand. He (look) at the fence. It (be) three metres high and thirty metres long. He (put) his brush in the paint and (paint) some of the fence. Then he (put) down his brush and (sit) down. There (be) hours of work in front of him, and he (be) the unhappiest boy in the village. But after 10 minutes Tom (have) an idea.

…Tom (paint) when Joe Harper (come) to the fence.

«I (be) sorry you (not/can) (go) with me to the river, Tom. You must work.»

Tom (say) nothing. He (paint) the fence. He often (stop) and (look) at his work. The brush (move) np and down. At last he (say),

«You (call) this work?»

«Painting the fence? Of course, it (be) work».

«Perhaps, it (be). But I (like) it».

Soon Joe (begin) to get very interested and (say),

«Tom, can I paint a little?»

Some time later, Tom (sit) under the tree (eat) an apple. Joe and other boys who (come) to laugh at Tom (wait) to paint the fence.

In the afternoon Aunt Polly (see) a beautiful white fence. She (be) very pleased. She (take) Tom into the house and (give) him an apple. Tom quickly (take) a second apple and (run) off.



Answer the questions:

1. Why was Tom unhappy when he came out of the house?

2. What did Joe see when he came to the fence?

3. Why did Tom often stop?

4. What did Joe ask Tom some time later?

5. What did Aunt Polly see in the afternoon? How did she feel? What did she do?


12. «Three Men in a Boat» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: serious – серьезный, fishing-line – удочка, sail – плыть, pick off – стряхивать.

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Present Continuous, Past Simple, Past Continuous



It (be) very quiet on the river that evening. We (see) only three men. They (sit) in a boat and they (fish). As we (get) nearer, we (see) that they (be) old. They (be) very serious, because they (watch) their fishing-lines very carefully. The sun (go) down and there (be) a red light on the water. It (be) very beautiful and we (feel) that we (sail) in some strange land.

We (not/sail) in some strange land. We (go) into the boat with the three old men in it. At first we (not/understand) it. But then, from the words that we (hear) we (understand) that we (be) near people. We also (understand) that those people (not/be) happy. They (try) to stand up and they (pick) fish off themselves. As they (work), they (shout) bad words about us.

Harris (shout) to them, «I (be) very unhappy to hear that men of your age (use) these bad words! You (must) be pleased that something interesting (happen) to you!»

But the three old men (not/agree) with Harris.



Answer the questions:

1. What was the river like that evening?

2. What were the three men doing on the river? Why were they very serious?

3. What did the friends feel when the sun was doing down?

4. Did the friends sail into «some strange land»? Where did they sail into?

5. What did Harris shout to the men? Why did he say that they must be pleased?


13. «The Adventures of Tom Sawyer» by Mark Twain

Vocabulary: wig – парик; painfully – болезненно; terror – ужас; attic – чердак; rag – тряпка; revenge – месть; claw – коготь; thophy – добыча, трофей.

Tenses to use: Past Simple, Past Continuous.



The schoolmaster’s name (be) Mr Dobbins. He (be) a tall, strong middle-aged man who (wear) a wig on his bald and shiny head. There (be) no pupil in the school who (not/be) afraid of him, because he (hit) the boys very painfully. They (spend) their days in terror and (want) a revenge. At last, they (have) a plan that could work.

Holidays (come) closer and closer. The school (prepare) to the most important event – Examination Day.

The great day (come). The schoolmaster (have) something that always (help) him in his work – a good portion of wine. He (turn) his back to the pupils and (begin) to draw a map of America on the blackboard. But the teacher’s hand (shake), so he couldn’t draw the lines rightly. He (hear) that the pupils (laugh) at him quietly, but he couldn’t stop. Mr Dobbins (not/see) what (happen), but all the children (look) at the small attic door above the teacher’s head. The door (open), and somebody’s hand (begin) to get down a rope with a cat tied to it. The cat (have) a rag round its mouth to stop it meowing.

The laughter (get) louder and louder, but Mr Dobbins (see) nothing. The cat (be) several centimetres above the teacher’s head – down, down – and it (put) its claws into the wig. Immediately, the hand (pull) the cat into the attic with the trophy.

The lesson (be) broken. The boys (be) revenged. Holidays (start).



Answer the questions:

1. Why were all the pupils in the school afraid of Mr Dobbins?

2. What was the school preparing to?

3. Why couldn’t Mr Dobbins draw the map properly? Why did the children begin to laugh? What happened when the cat got to the teacher’s head?


14. «Zerbino the Loner» by E. Labule

Vocabulary: stretch – растянуть (-ся); bundle of wood – вязанка хвороста, wrap – закутать, fall apart – развалиться, sharpen – точить, bubble – зд. бурлить, snore – храпеть, sigh – вздыхать, invisible – зд. невидимка

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Present Continuous, Past Simple, Past Continuous.

1

A long time ago, in Salerno there (live) a young woodman called Zerbino. He (have) neither family or friends nor money. He (not/have) anyone to talk to, and he (not/like) to talk, so people (call) him Zerbino the Loner.

Early in the morning, when people in the town (sleep), Zerbino (get) up and (go) to the mountains where he (walk) around the forest with his axe on his shoulder. In the evening he (return) to the town with a bundle of wood, (sell) it and (buy) something to eat.

Back at home, he (have) his simple meal, (wrap) up in his old blanket and soon (be) fast asleep.

One day Zerbino (work) in the forest. He (cut) brunches off an old tree. He (be) very tired, so he (decide) to have a short rest by the lake. But when he (come) to the lake, he (be) surprised to see a beautiful woman in a white dress who (sleep) in the grass by the water.

«It (be) silly to fall asleep in the hot sun. A one-year-old child (be) cleverer than women!» Zerbino (think). He (take) off his coat and (stretch) it above the woman’s head. Just then he (notice) a snake in the grass. It (crawl) to the woman. Without stopping to think, Zerbino (cut) it in two.

The woman (wake) up.

«You (save) me,» she (say), «how can I thank you?»

«I (not/mean) to save you,» (answer) Zerbino. He even (not/look) at her. «Next time don’t lie down in the grass without checking if there (be) snakes there. Anyway, leave me alone, I (want) to sleep, too.»

«You (not/ask) me for anything?»

«I do. Leave me alone.»

He (stretch) on the grass and (fall) asleep.

«Poor thing,» (say) the woman, «I (know) how to thank you. All your wishes (be) going to come true. This (be) a present for you from the Fairy of Waters.»

And she (step) on the water. As she (walk) across the lake, the water (be) still and undisturbed. Soon she (disappear). Everything (be) silent again. Only Zerbino (snore) by the water.

2

The sun (go) down when the woodman (wake) up. He (take) his axe and (begin) to cut a tree. It (be) a hard work.

«I would like to have an axe that (cut) wood like butter,» Zerbino (think). He (be) tired and hungry. He hit the tree with all his might. The tree (fall) down at once.

«Well done!» (cry) Zerbino. He cut off all the branches and (tie) them together.

«Now I (have) to carry this bundle. Oh, if bundles of wood had legs!»

At that very moment the bundle (get) up on four legs and (set) out to the town. But Zerbino (be) hard to surprise. All the way to the town he (sit) on his strange horse (look) at those poor people who (not/have) such a bundle of wood.

There (be) a Royal Palace in the middle of the town square. The king Mushamiel (be) the ruler of the country at that time. Every day people (see) his daughter, Princess Alelie on one of the balconies. She (sit) there (look) sad and thoughtful.

That day Alelie (sit) on the balcony as usual when Zerbino (come) to the Palace on his bundle.

«Dear Princess,» he (say), looking at the girl, «why you (be) so sad? I (wish) you to fall in love with a good man who can make you laugh.»

With these words Zerbino (lift) his hat – and (fall) to the ground, because when he (take) off his hat, he (let) go of the rope that (hold) the bundle, and it (fall) apart. Everybody (laugh). The Princess (laugh), too. Suddenly her face (get) pale. She (look) at Zerbino, (stand) up and (leave).

3

The King (sleep). Suddenly somebody (put) his arms round him. Mushamiel (sit) up. His beautiful daughter (stand) in front of him.

«You (want) me to get married, dear father,«she (say), «I (be) ready to do it.»

«Oh, thank God! Who (be) he?»

«I (not/know), father.»

«You (not/know)?»

«I (see) him just now on the square in front of the Palace.»

«He (be) a prince?»

«I (not/know). It (not/matter).»

«It (matter). You (not/be) good at politics. Call my Minister!»

The Minister’s name (be) Mistigris. He (be) a short, fat man with small eyes.

«What (happen) in my kingdom?» (ask) Mushamiel angrily. «Some woodman (appear) in front of my Palace riding a bundle of wood, and my daughter (want) to marry him!»

…Zerbino (sharpen) his old axe when the policemen (break) into his house and (take) him to the king.

Mushamiel (sit) on the throne. To seem more important, he (look) at the tip of his nose. Mistigris (write) something. Princess Alelie (sigh). When Zerbino (enter), she (cross) the throne room and (stand) next to him.

«This (be) my husband, father,» she (say). «I (be) going to be with him wherever he (go).»

«Hey, guards!» Mushamiel (cry) out, «Take them to the ship. They must leave my country. And I (want) you, Mistigris, to go with them. Good bye!»



4

The strong wind (blow), and the ship (sail) fast. Zerbino (stand) at the steering wheel. Princess Alelie (sit) at his feet. She (not/care) where to sail. But Mistigris (not/enjoy) the voyage. He (run) up and down the deck (shout),

«What can happen to us? We can die here! What you (think) about?»

«I (be) hungry,» (say) Zerbino, «I (want) some oranges and grapes.»

That very moment a large basket with oranges and grapes (appear) from under his feet.

«Oh, now I (know) your secret,» (think) Mistigris.

«Senior Zerbino,» he (say), «you (not/think) of making the Princess a present?»

«A present?» Zerbino (be) surprised. «Where can I get it? On the sea floor? Go there if you (want) to and leave me alone!»

Mistigris immediately (go) underwater with a loud splash.

Zerbino and Alelie (sit) on the deck (eat) the grapes when they (hear) some noise. The water overboard (bubble).

«It (be) a sea pig?» (ask) Alelie.

«No, a land one,» (answer) Zerbino.

He (take) the Minister out of the water, and they (see) a strange thing: a big diamond (shine) in his teeth.

5

Two days (pass). The ship (sail). Where to? They (not/know).

«I must do something about it,» (think) Mistigris. «Ah, senior,» he (say), «you (see) that beautiful palace? It (not/be) like any palace in the world. Invisibles (work) in it. The tables (have) hands, and the walls (have) ears there. They can talk, but only when you (ask) them to.

«I would like to have such palace,» (say) Zerbino.

And they (see) it right in front of them – big, beautiful and welcoming.

«You (like) it?» (ask) the Minister, «it (be) me who (do) all this!»

«You (lie)!» (say) the voice from above.

«You (lie)!» (cry) all the walls.

«You (lie)!» (shout) the chairs, tables, plates and glasses.

«Well, if you (lie) all the time, go to the moon. People (say), there (be) a country of liars there.»

In no time Mistigris (fly) into the air and (disappear) behind the clouds.

Zerbino and Alelie (live) happily in the beautiful palace that Fairy of Waters (present) them. Zerbino (fall) in love with Alelie, because he (want) to – this wish (come) true like many others.

Mistigris (return) to Earth? Nobody (know). Some historians (say) that he (work) as a minister again, under a different name. But he never (go) where people (tell) the truth.



Answer the questions:

1. What happened to Zerbino one day when he was working in the forest?

2. How did Fairy of Waters thank Zerbino for saving her?

3. Who did he see on the balcony of the Royal Palace? Why did Alelie fall in love with him so suddenly?

4. What did the Princess’s father do when she told him who she fell in love with?

5. How did Zerbino get rid of the Minister?


15. «Three Men on a Bummel» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: coal – уголь; odd egg – тухлое яйцо.

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Past Continuous.



During my first week in Germany I couldn’t sleep because of cats. In the end, I (collect) a small arsenal – some pieces of coal, a few hard pears, a couple of candle ends, an empty bottle and an odd egg – and, opening the window, I (bombard) the place where the noise (come) from. I (not/think) I (hit) anything. But anyway, they (leave). I (go) to bed thinking that the accident (be) over.

Ten minutes later, I (hear) the door bell. I (go) to the door and (open) it. A policeman (stand) there. He (have) all the things I (throw) from the window in front of him. He (ask),

«These things (be) yours?»

«They (be) mine,» I (say), «But I (not/need) them any longer – you can have them.»

He (ignore) my offer and (say),

«You (throw) these things from the window.»

«You (be) right.»

«Why you (throw) these things from the window?» A German policeman (have) his order of questions; he never (vary) them.

«I (throw) them out of the window at some cats,» I (say).

«What cats?»

It (be) the sort of question that only a German policeman could ask. I (explain) that they (be) unknown to me, but I (offer) to recognize them by their voices if the police would invite all the cats from the area to my house.

The German policeman (not/understand) a joke. He (fine) me – that cat sport (cost) me twelve marks.



Answer the questions: What did the narrator do to stop cat waking him up? What did he try to explain the policeman? What was the result?


16. «Three Men on a Bummel» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: phrase book – разговорник

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Past Continuous, Future Simple.



Two day before our trip to Germany, George (show) me a small red book. It (be) an English phrase book for German tourists. It (start) with «On a boat» and (end) with «At the Doctor’s». Some of the examples in the book (be) like this,

«Can you move a little, sir?» – «No, I can’t, madam, because the man next to me (be) very fat.»

George (say), «My idea (be) to get to London and do some shopping with the help of this book. I (buy) a hat and a pair of shoes. I (use) this book and (see) how people understand me.»

We (see) a large boot shop near Waterloo Station, and our experiment (begin). The shopkeeper (do) something with a pair of shoes when we (come). George (look) in the red book and (say),

«My friend, Mr X, (recommend) this shop to me.»

In the book, the shopkeeper (say),

«Mr X (be) a nice man, and I (be) very happy to see his friends.»

But our man (say), «I (not/know) him.»

George (look) in his book again and (find) another phrase, «My friend (say) that you (sell) boots here.»

For the first time the man (look) at us. He (begin) to speak getting more and more angry,

«You (think) I (keep) boots to look at them? You (think) I (work) in the shop because I (like) it? What you (think) I (be) – a book collector? You (hear) of a man working in the boot shop and not selling boots? You (think) I (be) an idiot?»

He still (shout) when George (find) the best sentence for the situation and (say),

«I (come) later. Good bye.»

When we (leave) the shop, the man (stand) at the door. He (shout) something that we (not/hear), but people around him (find) it interesting.



Answer the questions:

1. How did George want to use the phrase book?

2. Where did their experiment begin?

3. What made the shopkeeper angry?

4. What was the shopkeeper doing when the friends were leaving the shop?


17. «Three Men on a Bummel» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: enemy – враг, irritate – раздражать.

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Past Continuous, Future Simple.



We (get) on the train a minute before it (leave), and I (remember) Uncle Podger. The way from his house to the railway station (take) about eight minutes. My Uncle always (say), «Leave home fifteen minutes before the train, and everything (be) all right.»

What he always (do) (be) to start five minutes before the train and run. I (not/know) why, but it (be) a tradition. Many fat City gentlemen (live) in Ealing in those days and (take) morning trains, and they all (start) late. When we (look) out of the window, they (run) to the station (carry) a black bag and a newspaper in one hand and an umbrella in the other.

My Uncle (not/get) up late. But something always (happen) to him at the last moment.

When he (be) about to leave, he usually (lose) his newspaper.

«I (have) it in my hand a minute ago!» he (exclaim). From his tone you could think that he (be) surrounded by the enemies that (hide) his things just to irritate him.

«You (leave) it in the garden?» my Aunt (ask).

«God bless this woman! I (not/want) a paper in the garden. I (want) it on the train.»

Here somebody (exclaim), «What (be) this?» and (give) him the newspaper. Uncle (open) the bag to put it in, and looking at it, (get) speechless.

«The day before yesterday’s!» he (whisper), too angry to shout, throwing the paper on the table, «I (be) late for the train!»

At last, we (find) his newspaper for him – usually he (sit) on it. Then he (smile). It was a smile of a man who (know) that he (have) to be surrounded by a band of the hopeless idiots.

«All the time, right in front of your noses -!» He (not/finish) the sentence, proud of his self-control.



Answer the questions:

1. Why did the narrator remember Uncle Podger when he was going to be late for the train?

2. Why was Uncle Podger usually late for his morning train?

3. What made him angry?

4. Where was usually the newspaper?


18. «Three Men on a Bummel» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: balloonist – воздухоплаватель, bark – зд. рявкнуть, hydrogen gas – водород.

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Past Continuous, Future Simple.



In my early journalistic days, I (work) in a popular newspaper which (give) advice to people about everything – how to marry, how to keep rabbits, how to eat soup.

Once somebody, naming himself «balloonist», (write) to ask us how to produce hydrogen gas. It (be) an easy thing to produce – I (see) that after reading up the subject at the British Museum Library. But I (warn) the «Balloonist» to be very careful.

Ten days later, when we (sit) at our tables (work), a red-faced lady (come) to our office, leading by the hand what, she (explain), (be) her son, aged twelve. The boy (have) a strange expression on his face, and when he (come) nearer, I (understand), why. He (have) no eyebrows and no hair.

«This (be) a nice boy last week, with naturally curly hair,» (say) the lady with her voice going up as she (speak).

«What (happen) to him?» (ask) our chief.

«This (be) what (happen) to him,» (bark) the lady. With these words she (take) a copy of our newspaper with my article about hydrogen gas and (give) it to the chief. He (take) it and (look) it through.

«He (be) «Balloonist?» (ask) the chief.

«He (be) «Balloonist,» (answer) the lady, «the poor child, look at him!»

«I (think), the hair (grow),» (say) the chief.

«May be, it (grow),» (agree) the lady, «but I (want) to know what you (do) for him.»

«I really (not/think) it (be) our fault,» (say) the chief, «he (ask) for the information and he (get) it.»

«Don’t try to be funny about it,» (say) the lady, «or I (go) to court and you all (have) heads like this!» She (mean) like the boy’s.

Our chief (settle) the matter with a five-pound note, which (be) a month’s profit of the paper. The lady (leave), taking her damaged son with her.



Answer the questions:

1. What sort of newspaper did the narrator work in?

2. What question did he have to answer one day?

3. Who came to their office a week later? What did the narrator understand?

4. How did the chief settle the matter?


19. «The Gift of the Magi «by O’Henry

Vocabulary: counter – прилавок, sign – зд. вывеска, comb – гребень.

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Past Continuous, Future Simple



One dollar and eighty seven cents. That (be) all. The next day (be) Christmas. Delia (sit) in her room and (cry) because she (not/have) money to buy a present for Jim. At last she (stop) crying, (go) to the window and (look) out. She (have) an idea. She (put) on her coat and (leave) the house.

Delia (walk) along the street when she (see) a sign «Madam Eloise – HAIR». She (come) in. A fat woman (sit) at the counter.

«You (buy) my hair?» (ask) Delia.

«I (buy) hair», (say) Madam Eloise. «20 dollars», she (say) when she (touch) beautiful brown hair that (fall) like a coat around Delia.

The next two hours Delia (shop) for Jim’s present. At 7 o’clock the dinner (be) ready and Delia (wait). «Oh, I (hope) he (think) I (be) still beautiful», she (think).

The door (open) and Jim (come) in. She could not understand the look on his face.

«Jim, don’t look at me like this!» she (cry). «My hair (grow) very quickly! Look, what a wonderful present I (have) for you!» And Delia (give) Jim a lovely gold chain for his watch. Jim (not/say) a word. He (take) something from his pocket. There (be) the combs – the combs for her beautiful hair. But she (not/have) her long hair!

«Delia», Jim (say),» let’s keep our presents for a time. I (sell) my watch to buy you the combs. And now let’s have dinner».



Answer the questions:

1. Why was Delia sitting in her room crying?

2. What idea did she have suddenly?

3. How did Delia spend two hours after she left Madam Eloise?

4. Why did Jim look at Delia with a strange expression on his face?

5. Why could not Jim and Delia use their presents?


20. «Three Men in a Boat» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: tent – палатка, quiet little corner – зд. тихий уголок

Tenses to use: Past Simple, Future Simple, Future Continuous.



We (decide) to start on Saturday. Harris (say), «I (go) to Kingston in the morning. George (meet) us at Chertsey». The next question (be) where to sleep at night. George and I (not/want) to sleep in hotels.

«How beautiful», we (say). «We (sleep) by the river, with the birds, the flowers, trees around us…» I (think) about it…

…At the end of the day the world (be) peaceful and quiet. Our boat (move) into a little corner of the river. There we (put) up our tent, (cook) and (eat) our simple supper. Then we (sit) and (talk) quietly. Sometimes we (stop) for a moment or two and (listen) to the water. The silver moon (shine) down on us. The sound of the water (send) us to sleep and we (dream)…

Then I (imagine) a rainy day…

…We (be) very wet. There (be) a lot of water in the boat. We (get) out of the boat and (try) (put) up a tent. It (be) difficult to put up the tent in a good weather, but in wet weather it (be) impossible. When at last the tent (be) up, we (carry) the things out of the boat. Supper (be) mostly rainwater – rainwater bread, rainwater soup…

So, we (decide) to sleep out in tent on fine nights and in hotel in bad weather.



Answer the questions:

1. When did the friends decide to start their journey?

2. What was the next question to discuss?

3. How does the narrator imagine the end of the day on the river in good weather? In bad weather?

4. What did the friends finally decide?


21. «A Scandal in Bohemia» by Arthur Conan Doyle

Vocabulary: expensive – дорогой, witness – свидетель, blood – кровь

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Present Continuous, Past Continuous, Future Simple

1

For Sherlock Holmes, there (be) only one woman in the world. He (not/love) her, but after their meeting he (not/forget) her.

One evening in March I (visit) my friend at his home in Baker Street. We (sit) and (talk) when there (be) a knock at the door. A tall, strong man (come) into the room. He (wear) expensive clothes and a mask over his face.

«You (can) call me Count von Cramm,» he (say),«a very important person (send) me to ask for your help. I (talk) about the King of Bohemia».

«I (know), Your Majesty,» (say) Holmes. He quietly (smoke) his cigar.

«What! «the man (cry), «you (know) who I (be)!» He (pull) the mask off his face.

«You (be) right. Why I (hide) it? I (be) the King of Bohemia, Wilhelm von Ormstein. I (come) to see you myself because it (must) be a secret. You (understand)?»

«Very well, Your Majesty. Go on,» (say) Holmes.

«Five years ago I (meet) a woman called Irene Adler. I (love) her for a while. After I (leave) her, I (write) her some letters. And she (have) a photograph with us both.»

«That (be) a mistake, Your Majesty».

«I (know). But I (be) very young. Soon I (go) to marry Clotilde Lothman, daughter of King of Scandinavia. She never (marry) me if she knows about Irene… But you (not/know) Irene Adler. She can be as hard as a man. She (be) angry when I (leave) her, and she (not/want) me to marry another woman. I (be) sure she (send) that photograph to Clotilda’s family, and there (be) a terrible scandal. We (must) get the photo before she sends it.»

«I (be) sure we (find) it», (say) Holmes. «And the address of the young woman?»

«Briony Lodge, Serpentine Avenue, St. John’s Wood, London».

«Good night, Your Majesty, (say) Holmes, «I (hope) to have some good news for you soon».



Answer the questions:

1. Who came to Sherlock Holmes’s house that day?

2. Why was the man wearing the mask?

3. Did Holmes believe that the man was Count von Cramm?

4.What was the King’s story?

5.Why was the photo dangerous for him?

6.Why did the King think that Irene could send the photo?

2

When I (arrive) the next day, Holmes (not/be) there. I (wait) in his room when the door (open) and a very strange servant (come) in. He (wear) old, dirty clothes, but when I (look) at him carefully…

«Holmes!» I (cry).

«I (be) outside Miss Adler’s house,» he (answer) with the smile, «servants (be) always ready to talk, and I (learn) a lot about the young woman. She (have) a friend, Godfrey Norton, who often (visit) her. While I (be) there, Norton (arrive). After a short time he (leave) and (jump) into the taxi.

«To the church of St. Monica, as fast as you (can)!» he (shout). Two minutes later Miss Adler (run) out of the house, (jump) into another taxi and (say),

«To the church of St. Monica, quickly!»

I (take) a taxi and (go) after them.

«Come here, now!» Mr Norton (ask) me as I (come) into the church. They (need) a witness, and a servant from the street (be) better than nobody. Well, tonight, my dear Watson, I (need) your help».

«Of course, Holmes,» I (answer).

«Later, we (go) to Briony Lodge together. When we are there, Irene (ask) me to go into her house. You must wait outside, and when I shout „Fire!“, you (throw) this thing into the window». And he (give) a smoke-stick. «After that wait for me at the corner of the street».



Answer the questions:

1. Why did not Watson recognize his friend when he entered the room?

2. Why did Holmes decide to look like a servant that morning?

3. What did he learn about Irene Adler?

4. Who arrived at her house soon? What happened then?

5. Where did Holmes go?

6. Why did Irene Adler and Mr Norton need Holmes at that moment?

7. What sort of help did Holmes want from Watson?

3

That evening Holmes (change) not only his clothes. He (change) his face, his hair – everything. He (be) a different person. We (walk) together to Serpentine Avenue. Outside the house there (be) a lot of people. They (smoke), (talk), (laugh).

«I (be) sure that the photograph (be) in the house,» (say) Holmes.

«But where you (look) for it?»

«I (not/look). She (show) me».

Just then a taxi (arrive). Irene Norton (get) out of it. One of the men in the street (run) to the car. Another one (push) him. A fight (begin). Holmes (run) to help Irene. Suddenly he (fall) to the ground with blood running down his face. Some people (carry) him into the house. I (wait) outside the window. Then Holmes (put) up his hand, and I (throw) the smoke-stick into the room.

There (be) a loud cry «Fire!» I (walk) away and ten minutes later Holmes (come) to me.

«You (have) the photograph?» I (ask).

«I (know) where it (be). She (show) me».

«But why she (show) you?»

«It (be) easy. You (see) all those people in the street? I (pay) them. It (not/be) the real fight, and the blood (not/be) real. When people (shout) „Fire!“, a woman (run) to the most important thing – her baby, her gold… or a photo. I (not/take) it, tomorrow we (go) there with the King, who himself (take) the photograph».

While we (talk), a young man (go) past us and (say),

«Good evening, Mr Holmes!»

«I (know) that man,» (say) Holmes to me, «but who it (be)?»



Answer the questions:

1. Why did Holmes run to the car when the fight began? What happened to him?

2. What did Watson do when Holmes was outside the house?

3. Why did Irene Norton show Holmes where the photograph was?

4. Why did not Holmes take the photo?

4

The next day we (go) to Irene Norton’s house with the King. An old servant (open) the door.

«Mrs Norton and her husband (leave) England in the morning. They never (come) back to this country,» he (say). Holmes (run) to the cupboard and (open) it. Inside (be) a photo, not of Irene Adler and the King, but of Irene alone. There (be) also a letter for Sherlock Holmes. We (read) it together.



My dear Sherlock Holmes,

You (do) it well. I (think) it (be) a real fire and you (be) just a kind old man. But when I (open) the cupboard, I (begin) to think. I (know) about famous Sherlock Holmes. I (know) that the King (ask) you to find the photo. So I quickly dressed as a young man and (follow) you. I (say) «good evening» to you! We (leave) England. Please, tell the King that I never (show) the photo to anybody. I (love) my husband, and he (love) me. The King can have this photo if he (like).

Irene Norton



Answer the questions:

1. What did the servant say when they three came to Irene’s house the next day?

2. What was in the cupboard?

3. When did Irene begin to think that it was all a put-up job?

4. What did she promise the King?


22. «Soapy’s Choice» by O’Henry

Vocabulary: prison – тюрьма

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Present Continuous, Past Continuous, Future Simple.



Soapy (sit) on his seat in Madison square when a dead leaf (fall) on his arm. Winter (come) and it (be) time to go to a nice warm prison where he usually (spend) winters.

Soapy (begin) to try his first plan. «I (go) to a restaurant,» he (think). «When I (be) there, I (make) an order and (not/pay). If I (not/pay), they (call) a policeman. When the police (come), they (take) me to prison. And if I (get) to the table in the restaurant quickly enough, nobody (notice) my old shoes and terrible trousers.»

However, as soon as Soapy (go) into the restaurant, strong hands (turn) him round and (help) into the street. Now he (have) to think of something different.

Soapy (stop) in front of the shop window in a crowded street. He (pick) up a stone. «If I (break) the window, a policeman (see) it,» he (think). «He (take) me to the police station. If I (get) to the police station, I (be) in prison soon.» He (throw) the stone at the window. People (run) to see what (happen). Soupy (be) happy because the man in front (be) a policeman. «I soon (be) in prison,» Soapy (think). But the policeman (know) that people who (break) windows (not/stand) and (wait). They (run) away. Just then the policeman (see) another man who (run) to the bus and (run) after him.

Soapy (be) very angry now. «I never (get) to prison!» he (think). He (go) back to Madison Square and home – his seat.

He (walk) along the street when suddenly he (see) a beautiful old church. For a few seconds he (remember) other, happier days. Then a wonderful thing (happen). Soapy (decide) to change his life. «Tomorrow I (go) into town», he (say) to himself. «When I (be) there, I (find) work. If I (begin) to work, I (be) somebody important. And if it (happen), my life (change).»

Suddenly Soapy (feel) a hand on his arm. «What you (do) here?» (ask) the voice. Soapy (turn) around and (see) a policeman.

«Nothing», he (say).

«Three months in prison», they (say) to him the next day.



Answer the questions:

1.How did Soapy usually spend winters? Why?

2. What was his first plan to get to prison?

3. Why did he have to think of something different?

4. What was Soapy’s second plan?

5. Why did not the policeman arrest him»

6. What did Soapy see when he was walking to his seat in the Madison square? What did he decide to do with his life?

7. How does the story end?


23. «Three Men in a Boat» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: realize – понимать, light the fire – разжечь камин, burglar – квартирный вор

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Present Continuous, Past Continuous, Future Simple



One evening George’s watch (stop) at 8.30. He (not/realize) this then. This (happen) in the winter, so it (be) dark in the mornings. When he (wake) up, he (look) at his watch. It (be) 8.30. «I (have) to be at the bank at nine o’clock!» (cry) George and (jump) out of bed.

For a few minutes, he (run) as fast as he could. But suddenly he (see) that there (not/be) many people around. He also (see) that the shops (not/be) open.

George (come) up to the policeman.

«What the time (be), please?» he (ask).

«What the time (be)?» (repeat) the policeman, «Well, listen».

George (hear) the clock… one… two… three…

«But there (be) only three times,» he (say) to the policeman.

«And how many times you (want)?»

«Well, nine, of course,» George (say) and (show) his watch to the policeman.

When George (return) home and (go) to prepare breakfast, he (begin) to think, «If I (go) to the kitchen, I (make) a lot of noise. If Mrs. Gippings (hear) the noise, she (think) I (be) a burglar. As soon as she (think) that there (be) a burglar in the house, she (call) the police. When the policemen (come), they (arrest) me».

So, George (decide) not to try to prepare breakfast. He (sit) and (wait) for Mrs. Gippings to come down. After that he (not/get) up too early again.



Answer the questions:

1. Why did George go to work in the middle of the night?

2. What did he do when he understood that he made a mistake?

3. What did George do in the end?


24. «The Adventures of Tom Sawyer» by Mark Twain

Vocabulary: forgive (forgave) – прощать, groan – стонать, thread – нитка, to be loose – зд. болтаться, chunk – головешка (тлеющий кусок дерева), tie – привязывать, bedpost – столбик кровати для полога

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Present Continuous, Past Continuous, Future Simple



Monday morning (be) unhappy time for Tom as it (mean) another terrible school week.

Tom (think) for a few minutes. What could stop him from coming to school?

Suddenly he (find) something. One of his upper teeth (be) loose. This (be) good – for the beginning. Then he (remember) some symptoms he (hear) from a doctor. It (be) a chance!

He (begin) to groan. But his brother Sid (sleep). He (groan) louder. No result from Sid. Tom (begin) to get angry and (shake) him. Sid (jump) up.

«Tom! What (be) the matter?»

No answer.

«Tom!»

«I (forgive) you everything, Sid … (groan) … everything you (do) for me in the past… Sid, when I (die)…

«Oh, Tom, no! Don’t die!»

Sid (run) downstairs and (cry),

«Oh, Aunt Polly, Tom (die)!»

In a minute Aunt Polly and Mary (be) near Tom’s bed. «What (be) the matter with you, child?»

«Oh, Auntie, I (have) gangrene on my foot!»

The old lady (sit) down and (cry) a little, then (laugh) a little, then (do) both together.

«Aunt Polly, it (hurt) so much that I (forget) about my (tooth).»

«What (happen) to your tooth? Well, it (be) loose, but you (not/die) of it. Mary, get me a silk thread and a chunk of fire out of the kitchen.»

«Oh, Auntie, (not/pull) it out! I (go) to school!» (cry) out Tom.

«To school?! So, you (do) all this…»

At that time Mary (return) with the dental instruments. The old lady (tie) one end of the thread to Tom’s tooth and the other to the bedpost. Then she suddenly (get) the chunk almost in the boy’s face. The next moment the tooth (hang) on the bedpost…



Answer the questions:

1. Why was Tom unhappy on Monday morning?

2. What was the first thing that could stop him from going to school?

3. Why did Sid run downstairs crying for Aunt Polly?

4. Why did Aunt Polly begin to cry and laugh at the same time?

5. What were the dental instruments Mary brought from the kitchen?


25. «Three Men in a Boat» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: put up a tent – ставить палатку

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Present Continuous, Past Simple, Past Continuous, Present Perfect.



Note: in the scene the narrator imagines some verbs are already in the right form to show that the imaginary events are mostly in present tenses.



We (sit) in my room (discuss) our journey when Harris (ask), «Where we (sleep) at night?»

George and I (not/like) the idea of sleeping in the hotels. We (want) to sleep outside.

«And what about when it (rain)?» Harris (ask).

I could imagine this scene easily…

…It is evening. You are very wet. There is a lot of water in the boat and everything is wet, too. Two of you (try) to put up the tent. You already (put) up your side of the tent, but the other man (not/do) anything yet. You just (tied) the first ropes to the ground. Suddenly he (pull) the tent from his side and (destroy) all your work.

«What you (do)?» you cry.

«And what you (do)?» he cries.

«You (pull) out the ropes from my side!» you answer.

You (shout) at each other until the tent (fall) down.

The third man is in the boat. He already (prepare) a simple meal and now he (want) to know why you two (not/finish) with the tent yet.

At night you (dream) that a large animal suddenly (sit) down on you. You (wake) up and (understand) that something terrible (happen). At first you (think) that the end of the world (come). There is something on you that (not/let) you breath. You (fight). You (shout). At last, you (find) your head in the fresh air. Near you, you (see) Harris.

«Oh, it (be) you. What (happen)?» you (ask).

«The wind (blow) down the tent,» he (answer).

At that moment, you (hear) a voice from below, «Get off my head!»

Answer the questions (use present tenses):

1. What are the evenings in the tent in rainy weather like?

2. Why are two men angry with each other while they are putting up the tent?

3. What has the man in the boat already done? What does he want to know?

4. What happens at night?

5. What do two of the friens find out when they hear «Get off my head!»?


26. «Robinson Crusoe» by Daniel Defoe

Vocabulary: cave – пещера

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous.



My life on the island (go) on. I often (think), «I (live) here for ten months. During those months I (work) hard on my cave and my fence. I (do) a lot of work already. It (be) time to find out more about the rest of the island.»

So, one day I (set) out to the opposite side of the island. During my journey, I (see) that my house (be) on the worst side of the island, because I (find) many greener and much more beautiful places. But I (not/want) to move. It (be) my home.

I (have) a lot of food. But there (be) one thing that I (want) very much – hot soup. «I already (learn) to make pots to keep my food in,» I (say) to myself, «but for a long time I (want) to make a harder, stronger pot to cook in right on the fire.»

Then, one day, I (be) lucky. I (make) some new pots and (put) them on the fire.

«This time I (make) the fire very, very hot,» I (think) many hours later, «and my pots (be) still there. They (stay) in this hot place for a long time. May be, this time they (be) strong enough to cook in.»

And I (be) right. That night I (have) hot water for the first time on the island.

I never (stop) thinking about escape. When I (travel) to the other side of the island, I (see) many islands far away in the sea and (say) to myself, «I (plan) to escape since I (be) brought here by the storm. Perhaps, one day I (be) able to get to England.»

I (decide) to make a boat. I (cut) down a big tree, (cut) off its branches and (begin) to make a long hole in it. It (take) a long time, but I (keep) telling myself, «Soon I (have) a fine canoe. I (work) on it for six months already, and I (finish) most of it.»

How stupid I (be)! My canoe (be) too heavy, and I could not move it! I (pull) and (push) it and (try) everything, but it (not/move). I (be) very unhappy for a long time after that. Two years later, I (make) myself a smaller canoe, but I (not/try) to escape in it. The boat (be) too small for a long journey, and I (not/want) to die at sea.



Answer the questions:

1. What did Robinson want to do after ten months on the island? What did he find out during the journey?

2. What was the problem about the pots he made? How did he manage to make a pot to cook in?

3. What did Robinson do to escape from the island? What mistake did he make?


27. «The Wonderful Wizard of Oz» by Frank Baum

Vocabulary: raft – плот, pole – шест, stick (stuck, stuck) – застревать, hang (hung, hung) – висеть, stork –аист, bottom – дно, vanish – исчезать

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Present Continuous, Past Continuous, Future Simple, Present Perfect



Dorothy and her friends (sail) across the river on the raft. They all (have) poles to push the raft through the water. Suddenly the Scarecrow (push) his pole so hard that it (stick) in the bottom. In a moment he (hang) on the pole in the middle of the river.

The friends (come) to the river bank. When they (sit) on the grass thinking what to do to save their friend, a large Stork (land) near them.

«Who (be) you?» he (ask). Why you (come) here?»

«We (go) to the Emerald City, but we (lose) our friend», (say) Dorothy.

The Stork (look) at the river. «I never (see) scarecrows in the middle of the river. When he (get) there?»

The Stork (be) a serious bird and (want) to know all the details.

«An hour ago. He (be) there for a long.»

«You (decide) what to do?»

«No, but if you (bring) him back, we (thank) you ever.»

«I (try)», (say) the Stork. «But if he (be) too heavy, I (drop) him in the river again.»

With these words the big bird (fly) into the air to where the Scarecrow (be), (take) him by the arm and (carry) him to the friends.

The Scarecrow (be) happy.

«You (save) me», he (say) to the Stork. «I (be) on the river for a long time and (be) afraid to stay forever. If I ever (get) brains, I (find) you to do some kindness.»

«It (be) all right», (answer) the Stork. «I always (like) to help anyone in trouble. Now I must go.»

The Stork (fly) into the air and (vanish) in the blue sky.



Answer the questions:

1.What happened when the Scarecrow pushed his pole into the bottom too hard?

2.What were the friends doing when the Stork landed near them?

3.What did Dorothy ask the Stork?

4.What did the Scarecrow say to the Stork? What was he afraid of?


28. «The Wonderful Wizard of Oz» by Frank Baum

Vocabulary: cyclone – ураган, prairie – степь, cellar – подвал

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Present Continuous, Past Continuous, Future Simple, Present Perfect



Dorothy (live) in the middle of the great Kansas prairie with Uncle Henry and Aunt Em. They (be) farmers.

When Dorothy (stand) in the doorway and (look) around, she (can) see nothing but the grey prairie.

That day Dorothy (stand) in the doorway with Toto, her dog, in her arms and (look) in the sky which (be) even greyer than usual. Aunt Em (wash) the dishes.

Suddenly they (see) Uncle Henry running from the field.

«The cyclone (come)!», he (cry). «Get into the cellar! I (look) after the animals». With these words he (leave).

«Quick, Dorothy», Aunt Em (call), «run to the cellar!»

But Toto (jump) out of Dorothy’s arms and (get) under the bed. He (be) very afraid of the cyclone. Dorothy (rush) after him.

A strange thing then (happen). The house (turn) around two or three times and (begin) to go up, up, up into the sky. The north and south winds (meet) where the house (stand) and (make) it the center of the cyclone.

The house (go) higher and higher, and when it (get) to the top of the cyclone, the wind (carry) it far away.

Dorothy (sit) on the floor.

«What (happen) to us?» she (think). «And what (happen) to Uncle Henry and Aunt Em if we (die)?»

Hours (pass) away, but the house (fly). Dorothy (find) her bed and (lie) on it. Soon she (fall) fast asleep.



Answer the questions:

1. Where did Dorothy live?

2. What was each of them (Dorothy, Aunt Em, Uncle Henry) doing when the cyclone came?

3. Why did Dorothy rush into the house?

4. What happened to the house when the north and the south winds met where it stood?

5. What did Dorothy do when the house was flying in the sky?


29. «Three Men in a Boat» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: lock – шлюз, the rest – остальное

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple, Present Continuous, Past Continuous. Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous, Past Perfect.



By four o’clock we (do) our shopping. We (go) back to the boat and (move) off along the river again. At Hampton lock we (find) out that we (have) no water left. So, we (go) to ask the lock-keeper for some. George (speak) for us,

«Oh, please, can you give us a little water?»

«Of course,» the old man (say), «just take what you want and leave the rest».

«Thank you,» George (reply) and (look) around, «but where it (be)?»

«It (be) where it always (be),» (say) the man, «it (be) behind you».

«River?! But we can’t drink the river!»

«Of course, not. But you can drink some of it and leave the rest».

We (get) some water in another house.

George (say) that he (see) many bits of food in the boat. He (promise) to make a good supper of what we (not/use) before. He (put) into the pan everything he (find). While he (cook), Montmorency (watch) all this. Then he (walk) away. He (come) back with a dead rat in his mouth. Harris (say), «It (be) all right if we (put) the rat in». But George (not/ want) to try new things.

We (have) a very good meal. After supper George and I (decide) to go for a walk in Henley as we never (be) there before.



Answer the questions:

1.What did the friends find out after they had done some shopping?

2.Why didn’t they follow the lock- keeper advice?

3.What sort of supper did they cook that day?

4.Why did George refuse to put the rat into the pan?


30. «Three Men in a Boat» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: lock gate – ворота шлюза, seem – казаться, be trapped – застрять

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect



It (be) a lovely day. By the time we (come) to the lock in Wallingford, we already (pass) the locks in Streatley and Cleeve. We (plan) to spend evening in a nice little hotel.

There (be) a lot of boats in the lock, and a man (take) photos of them. I (not/see) him at first, but suddenly George (start) to fix his hair and brush his trousers. My first idea (be) that he (see) a girl he (know). But then I (see) the photographer. Our boat (be) the first in the lock, so I (want) to look nice in the photo, too. We (stand) there and (wait) for the important moment when somebody (cry),

«Hey! Look at your nose!»

I (have) a quick look at my nose. It (seem) all right. Then I (look) at George’s nose. It (be) all right, too. «Look at your nose, you stupid thing!» (cry) the same voice. Then another voice (call), «Push your nose out, you two, with the dog!»

Only then we (understand). We (come) too close to the lock gate, and the nose of our boat (be) trapped in the wooden gate. The water (rise), and our boat (begin) to turn over. Quickly, we (push) hard against the side of the lock to move the boat. It (not/ move), and George and I (fall) on our backs.

Nobody (buy) the photo, as our feet filled it. The photographer (not/be) very pleased.

Answer the questions:

1.What did the friends see when they came to the lock in Wallingford?

2.Why did George start to brush his trousers and fix his hair?

3.Why did not the narrator understand the man who cried «Look at your nose!»?

4.What had happened to their boat?

5. What did they do to free the nose of the boat?

6.Why did not people in the lock want to buy the photos?


31. «The Wizard of Oz» by Frank Baum

Vocabulary: stuff – набивать, straw – солома, tailor – портной

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple, Past Continuous, Present Perfect, Present Simple Passive, Past Simple Passive



Dorothy and the Scarecrow (sit) by a small river. «Please, tell me about your country,» (ask) the Scarecrow.

Dorothy (tell) her new friend about grey Kansas prairie where everything (burn) by the hot sun and that (be) nothing like this beautiful land. Her story (listen) to with great interest. The Scarecrow (say), «I (not/understand) why you (want) to return to such dry and dusty place».

«Kansas (be) my homeland. There (be) no place like home,» (answer) Dorothy.

The Scarecrow (smile), «I (stuff) with straw. It (grow) in the field by the farmers. My clothes (make) by the tailor and my boots (make) by the shoe-maker. Where (be) my home?»

Dorothy (not/know) what to say, and they (be) silent for some time.

«Now you (tell) me something,» (ask) Dorothy.

The Scarecrow (look) at her. «My life (be) so short yet. I (take) to the field and (leave) there. At first the birds (frighten) of me, but soon they (stop) being afraid. One day I (tell) about the brains by one of the crows. Now this (be) what I (want) most of all – brains. I (hope) that the Great Wizard (give) them to me».



Answer the questions:

1. What did the Scarecrow ask Dorothy about?

2. What did Dorothy tell him about her country?

3. What couldn’t the Scarecrow understand?

4. Why couldn’t the Scarecrow say where his homeland was?

5. What did he want most of all?


32. «Three Men in a Boat» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: hide (hid, hidden) – прятать, edge – край, the rest of – остальное

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect, Past Simple Passive,



We (sit) in the field near the river. Harris (prepare) the food and we (wait) with our plates.

«You (have) a spoon?» Harris (ask). «I (need) a spoon».

The basket (be) behind us and George and I both (turn) to get a spoon. It (take) five seconds. When we (look) back again, Harris and the food were gone. It (be) an open air, no trees, nowhere to hide. He (not/fall) into the river, because we (be) between him and the water. But Harris (disappear)!

Sadly, we (look) at each other and at the place where Harris and the food (be). And then, to our horror, we (see) Harris’s head – and only his head – in the grass. The face (be) red and very angry.

«Say something!» George (cry). «You (be) alive or dead? Where (be) the rest of you?»

«Oh, don’t be stupid!» Harris’s head (say), «you (tell) me to sit there». And from the middle of the grass Harris (appear), dirty and wet.

Harris (not/know) that he (sit) on the edge of the hole. It (hide) by the grass. Then, suddenly, he (fall) backwards into it.

Harris still (believe) that George and I (plan) it.



Answer the questions:

1. What was each of the friends doing in the field near the river?

2. What happened when George and the narrator turned to get a spoon?

3. What did they see some time later? How did Harris’s head look?

4. What had happened to Harris?


33. «Three Men in a Boat» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: ladder – лестница-стремянка, hammer – молоток, nail – гвоздь.

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect, Past Simple Passive, Future Simple Passive.



Uncle Podger (keep) everybody in the house busy when he (do) a job. One day he (come) home with a picture.

«I just (buy) it,» he (say), «where we (put) it? I (do) it myself.»

Then he (take) off his coat and (begin). One of the girls (send) out to buy some nails, and then one of the boys (send) to tell her the size of the nails.

«Now, Bill,» he (shout), «you (go) and (get) my hammer, and Jim (bring) me a ladder, and the light (hold) by Maria.»

Then he (lift) the picture up – and he (drop) it. He (try) to catch the glass – and he (cut) his finger. So, for a long time he (run) around the house and he (shout) at everybody.

Half an hour later, the finger (tie) up, a new glass (bring), and everything (be) ready. Uncle Podger (try) again. The chair (hold) by two people, a nail (give) by the third, the hammer (pass) by the fourth. He (take) the nail… and he (drop) it. Everybody (get) down to look for it. At last, the nail (find), but then the hammer (lose). We (find) the hammer for him, but he (lose) the mark for the picture on the wall. So, it (look) for by each of us, and each of us (find) it on a different place.

Uncle Podger (try) again. This time he (fall) off the chair on the piano. His head and his body (hit) the piano at the same time. The music (be) beautiful, but Uncle’s words (not/be). Aunt Maria (say) that she (not/want) the children to listen to those terrible words.

«The next time you (put) a picture on the wall, please, tell me,» she (say), «then I (go) and (spend) a week with my mother.»

At midnight the picture (be) on the wall. It (not/be) put very straight, and the wall around it (not/look) well. But Uncle Podger (be) proud. «You see, it (be) gust a little job,» he (say).



Answer the questions:

1. What was the first thing Uncle Podger did when he started to put the picture on the wall?

2. What happened when everything was ready? Why was there a half an hour delay?

3. How were the children arranged before the second attempt? What was the problem this time? What made Aunt Maria angry?

5. How did Uncle Podger feel when the picture was finally on the wall?


34. «Three Men in a Boat» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: spin – крутиться

Tenses to use: Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple, Present Perfect, Past Perfect, Past Simple Passive, Past Perfect Passive, Past Perfect Continuous, Future-in-the-Past Simple.

1

In the evening we (meet) to pack the things for the journey. After we (move) the table to the window, we (put) everything in the middle of the room. I (say) that I (pack). I also (say) that I (be) very good at packing. They (agree). George (light) a pipe and (sit) down in the armchair. Harris (put) his feet on the table and (light) a cigarette.

It (not/be) what I (expect). I (think) I (tell) them what to do, and then I (sit) and (watch). But I (say) nothing, and (start) the packing. It (seem) a longer job than I (think), but in the end it (finish).

After the suitcase (close), Harris (ask), «You (pack) the boots?»

I (look) around and (see) the boots. It (make) me angry. Why Harris (not/say) earlier?

I (open) the suitcase and (put) the boots in it. When I (be) about to close it, I (remember) about my toothbrush. I (not/be) sure if I (pack) it. Of course, I (have) to look for it, and of course, I (find) George’s and Harris’s eighteen times, but I (not/find) mine. In the end, I (find) it inside the boot.

When I (finish), George (tell) me) that the soap (not/pack) yet. I (answer) that I (not/care) and (close) the suitcase.

It (be) late in the evening, and the food (not/be) packed yet. Harris (say) that he and George (do) the rest of the packing. I (agree) and (sit) down.

2

They (begin) happily as they (want) to show me how to do it. I (make) no comment. I only (wait). I (know) that it soon (be) very exciting. I (be) right.

They (start) with breaking a cup. Then Harris (pack) the jam on the top of a tomato. After that, they (have) to pick out the tomato with a teaspoon. Then it (be) George’s turn, and he (step) on the butter. I (not/say) anything, but (sit) on the edge of the table and (watch) them. It (make) them worried and excited. They (step) on things, they (pack) pies at the bottom, and (put) heavy things on top. They (upset) salt over everything.

Then they (begin) to pack the butter. As Harris already (step) on it, he (have) to get it off his shoe. After that, they (decide) to put it into the teapot. When the butter (put) inside it, they (have) another idea, (get) it out of the teapot and (put) it down on the chair. Harris (sit) on it, and it (stick) to him. Then they (run) round the room looking for it, (meet) in the center and (look) at each other.

«So mysterious. Where it (be)?» (say) Harris.

In the end, George (get) behind Harris, and he (see) it.

«There it (be)!» he (cry). «It (be) there all the time!»

«Where?» (cry) Harris, spinning around.

«Stand still!» (roar) George, flying after him.

And they (get) the butter off Harris and (pack) it into the pot again.

The packing (finish) at 12 o’clock, and we (go) to bed. «Wake us at 6.30, George,» (say) Harris. George (make) no answer, and we (find) out that he (be) asleep for some time already.



Answer the questions:

1. Why was the narrator disappointed when the packing started?

2. What made him angry when he had locked the suitcase?

3. What was the problem with the toothbrush?

4. What proved that George and Harris were not very good at packing?

5. How did they manage to lose the butter? How was it found?


35. «Three Men in a Boat» by Jerome K. Jerome

Vocabulary: maze-лабиринт, give up hope – терять надежду.

Tenses to use: Past Simple, Future Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect, Past Perfect Continuous, Future-in-the-Past Simple, Future Perfect, Past Continuous Passive, Future-in-the-Past Simple Passive.



When we (come) to Hampton Court Palace, Harris (ask) me if I ever (be) to the maze there. He (say) he (be) to there once to show a friend the way. He (study) the map of the maze carefully before he (go) there, so he (be) sure that the way out (find) very quickly. Harris (say) to his friend, «We (go) in and (walk) around for some time. By lunch time we (come) out of the maze.»

Soon after they (go) in, they (meet) some people. Those people (say) that they (be) there for an hour and they (have) enough of it. Harris (tell) them they (bring) out very quickly. More and more people (join) Harris. They (give) up all hopes of seeing their families and friends again.

They (walk) around for some time when they (see) a piece of cake on the ground. Harris’s friend (say) that they already (pass) it earlier. Harris (get) angry and (start) again. He now (follow) by about twenty people. Ten minutes later they (find) themselves in the center of the maze.

After that, every time they (try) again, they (arrive) back in the center. In the end, they all (start) to shout, and a keeper (come). He (climb) the ladder, and (call) to them, «Wait there! I (get) you out soon!»

But he (be) a young keeper who (work) in the maze for a very short time, so he (get) lost, too. They (have) to wait for one of the old keepers to let them out…

Harris (say) it (be) fine) to get George into the maze on the way back.



Answer the questions:

1. What did Harris tell the people in the maze who couldn’t find the way out?

2. What did the piece of cake on the ground show them?

3. How did all their attempts to leave the maze end?

4. What did they have to do in the end?


36. «A Christmas Carol» by Charles Dickens

Vocabulary: knocker – дверной молоток

Use the variety of tenses in Active and Passive Voice.



That evening Scrooge (have) his dinner in the little eating house where he always (go) in the evening. He (read) his newspapers and (go) home to bed. He (live) in the rooms that once (belong) to his dead partner. By the time of the story Marley (be) dead for seven years.

When Scrooge (come) to his house, he (see), to his great surprise, that the knocker (not/be) a knocker any more, but (become) the face of Jacob Marley! As Scrooge (stand) there, it (become) the knocker again. Scrooge (unlock) the door and (go) up the stairs.

He (sit) in front of the fire when he (see), with great surprise and horror, that the bell (move) slowly from side to side. But it (not/pull) by anyone. Suddenly, a strange figure (appear) in front of him. It (be) Marley’s ghost! The death-cold eyes (look) at Scrooge.

«What you (want)?» (ask) Scrooge, trying to pretend that he (not/be) afraid, «who you (be)?»

«In life I (be) your partner, Jacob Marley. The spirit of every man who (not/help) people (travel) endlessly through the world after death. I (be) dead for seven years. For seven years I (travel) on the wings of the wind. All that time I (carry) my chains. Since I (die), I (have) no peace, no rest. And although you (not/see) your chains, you (carry) them since you (begin) to be interested in money more than in anything in your life. Listen to me, Scrooge. By midnight I (leave) you, but remember what I (tell) you. By Christmas you (visit) by three spirits. At one o’clock the spirit of Christmas Past (come) to visit you. Then the ghost of Christmas Present (appear). By the time they (leave) you, you (remember) all your life. Then you (visit) by the spirit of Christmas Yet To Come. You never (see) me again, but for your own peace after death, remember me!»

The spirit (walk) to the window which (begin) to open. Outside, the air (be) full of spirits. They all (cry) sadly. Scrooge (close) the window, (go) straight to bed and (fall) asleep immediately.



Answer the questions:

1. How did Scrooge usually spend his evenings?

2. What surprised him when he came home and was about to open the front door?

3. What frightened him when he was sitting by the fire?

4. What did Marley’s ghost warn Scrooge about?

5. Who was Scrooge going to be visited?

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